Node.js - File System get file type, solution around year 2012


I need to get the file type of a file with the help of node.js to set the content type. I know I can easily check the file extension but I've also got files without extension which should have the content type image/png, text/html aso.

This is my code (I know it doesn't make much sense but that's the base I need):

var http = require("http"),
    fs = require("fs");
http.createServer(function(req, res) {
    var data = "";
    try {
         * Do not use this code!
         * It's not async and it has a security issue.
         * The code style is also bad.
        data = fs.readFileSync("/home/path/to/folder" + req.url);
        var type = "???"; // how to get the file type??
        res.writeHead(200, {"Content-Type": type});
    } catch(e) {
        data = "404 Not Found";
        res.writeHead(404, {"Content-Type": "text/plain"});

I haven't found a function for that in the API so I would be happy if anyone can tell me how to do it.

12/27/2018 8:04:05 PM

Accepted Answer

Have a look at the mmmagic module. It is a libmagic binding and seems to do exactly what you want.

5/3/2012 1:06:20 PM

There is a helper library for looking up mime types

var mime = require('mime');

mime.getType('/path/to/file.txt');         // => 'text/plain'

But it still uses the extension for lookup though

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