Node.js server that accepts POST requests


Question

I'm trying to allow javascript to communicate with a Node.js server.

POST request (web browser)

var http = new XMLHttpRequest();
var params = "text=stuff";
http.open("POST", "http://someurl.net:8080", true);

http.setRequestHeader("Content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
http.setRequestHeader("Content-length", params.length);
http.setRequestHeader("Connection", "close");

alert(http.onreadystatechange);
http.onreadystatechange = function() {
  if (http.readyState == 4 && http.status == 200) {
    alert(http.responseText);
  }
}

http.send(params);

Right now the Node.js server code looks like this. Before it was used for GET requests. I'm not sure how to make it work with POST requests.

Server (Node.js)

var server = http.createServer(function (request, response) {
  var queryData = url.parse(request.url, true).query;

  if (queryData.text) {
    convert('engfemale1', queryData.text, response);
    response.writeHead(200, {
      'Content-Type': 'audio/mp3', 
      'Content-Disposition': 'attachment; filename="tts.mp3"'
    });
  } 
  else {
    response.end('No text to convert.');
  }
}).listen(8080);

Thanks in advance for your help.

1
50
2/18/2019 1:46:01 PM

Accepted Answer

The following code shows how to read values from an HTML form. As @pimvdb said you need to use the request.on('data'...) to capture the contents of the body.

const http = require('http')

const server = http.createServer(function(request, response) {
  console.dir(request.param)

  if (request.method == 'POST') {
    console.log('POST')
    var body = ''
    request.on('data', function(data) {
      body += data
      console.log('Partial body: ' + body)
    })
    request.on('end', function() {
      console.log('Body: ' + body)
      response.writeHead(200, {'Content-Type': 'text/html'})
      response.end('post received')
    })
  } else {
    console.log('GET')
    var html = `
            <html>
                <body>
                    <form method="post" action="http://localhost:3000">Name: 
                        <input type="text" name="name" />
                        <input type="submit" value="Submit" />
                    </form>
                </body>
            </html>`
    response.writeHead(200, {'Content-Type': 'text/html'})
    response.end(html)
  }
})

const port = 3000
const host = '127.0.0.1'
server.listen(port, host)
console.log(`Listening at http://${host}:${port}`)


If you use something like Express.js and Bodyparser then it would look like this since Express will handle the request.body concatenation

var express = require('express')
var fs = require('fs')
var app = express()

app.use(express.bodyParser())

app.get('/', function(request, response) {
  console.log('GET /')
  var html = `
    <html>
        <body>
            <form method="post" action="http://localhost:3000">Name: 
                <input type="text" name="name" />
                <input type="submit" value="Submit" />
            </form>
        </body>
    </html>`
  response.writeHead(200, {'Content-Type': 'text/html'})
  response.end(html)
})

app.post('/', function(request, response) {
  console.log('POST /')
  console.dir(request.body)
  response.writeHead(200, {'Content-Type': 'text/html'})
  response.end('thanks')
})

port = 3000
app.listen(port)
console.log(`Listening at http://localhost:${port}`)

100
2/18/2019 3:54:06 PM

Receive POST and GET request in nodejs :

1).Server

    var http = require('http');
    var server = http.createServer ( function(request,response){

    response.writeHead(200,{"Content-Type":"text\plain"});
    if(request.method == "GET")
        {
            response.end("received GET request.")
        }
    else if(request.method == "POST")
        {
            response.end("received POST request.");
        }
    else
        {
            response.end("Undefined request .");
        }
});

server.listen(8000);
console.log("Server running on port 8000");

2). Client :

var http = require('http');

var option = {
    hostname : "localhost" ,
    port : 8000 ,
    method : "POST",
    path : "/"
} 

    var request = http.request(option , function(resp){
       resp.on("data",function(chunck){
           console.log(chunck.toString());
       }) 
    })
    request.end();

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