Modifying Express.js Request Object


Question

In express.js, I would like to provide an additional attribute on the request object for each of my URI listeners. This would provide the protocol, hostname, and port number. For example:

app.get('/users/:id', function(req, res) {
  console.log(req.root); // https://12.34.56.78:1324/
});

I could of course concatenate req.protocol, req.host, and somehow pass around the port number (seems to be missing from the req object) for each one of my URI listeners, but I'd like to be able to do it in a way that all of them could access this information.

Also, the hostname can vary between request (the machine has multiple interfaces) so I can't just concatenate this string when the application launches.

The goal is to provide URI's to the consumer which point to further resources in this API.

Is there some sort of way to tell Express that I want req objects to have this additional information? Is there a better way to do this than what I'm outlining?

1
31
9/20/2012 5:55:28 PM

Accepted Answer

You can add a custom middleware that sets the property for each request:

app.use(function (req, res, next) {
    req.root = req.protocol + '://' + req.get('host') + '/';
    next();
});

Using req.get to obtain the Host header, which should include the port if it was needed.

Just be sure to add it before:

app.use(app.router);
54
9/20/2012 6:13:49 PM

You can extend the express.request prototype.


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