Create Directory When Writing To File In Node.js


Question

I've been tinkering with Node.js and found a little problem. I've got a script which resides in a directory called data. I want the script to write some data to a file in a subdirectory within the data subdirectory. However I am getting the following error:

{ [Error: ENOENT, open 'D:\data\tmp\test.txt'] errno: 34, code: 'ENOENT', path: 'D:\\data\\tmp\\test.txt' }

The code is as follows:

var fs = require('fs');
fs.writeFile("tmp/test.txt", "Hey there!", function(err) {
    if(err) {
        console.log(err);
    } else {
        console.log("The file was saved!");
    }
}); 

Can anybody help me in finding out how to make Node.js create the directory structure if it does not exits for writing to a file?

1
97
1/15/2018 8:00:07 AM

Accepted Answer

Node > 10.12.0

fs.mkdir now accepts a { recursive: true } option like so:

// Creates /tmp/a/apple, regardless of whether `/tmp` and /tmp/a exist.
fs.mkdir('/tmp/a/apple', { recursive: true }, (err) => {
  if (err) throw err;
});

or with a promise:

fs.promises.mkdir('/tmp/a/apple', { recursive: true }).catch(console.error);

Node <= 10.11.0

You can solve this with a package like mkdirp or fs-extra. If you don't want to install a package, please see Tiago Peres França's answer below.

88
11/5/2018 10:36:55 PM

If you don't want to use any additional package, you can call the following function before creating your file:

var path = require('path'),
    fs = require('fs');

function ensureDirectoryExistence(filePath) {
  var dirname = path.dirname(filePath);
  if (fs.existsSync(dirname)) {
    return true;
  }
  ensureDirectoryExistence(dirname);
  fs.mkdirSync(dirname);
}

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