Mongoose/mongoDB query joins.. but I come from a sql background


Question

I coming from a sql background so writing queries in sql where I join tables is quite simple but I guess I am missing that in mongoose/mongodb

Basically I know the Subscriber_ID (which maps to a document in the User Collection)

I want to pull the project group, with all the projects that the user belongs to so if I was to write this in pseduo sql it would be like

Select 
  ProjectGroup.title, 
  Project.Title 
FROM 
  ProjectGroup, 
  Project, 
  User 
WHERE 
  User.id = req.body.subscriber_id 
  AND Project.subscriber_id = User.id 
  AND  ProjectGroup.project_id = Project.id

There must be a way to do similiar joins in mongoose/mongodb because the type is mapping to a schema right?

My Schemas.....

Project Group Schema

var ProjectGroupSchema = new Schema({
    title             : String
  , projects          : [ { type: Schema.Types.ObjectId, ref: 'Project' } ]
});

Project Schema

var ProjectSchema = new Schema({
    title         : {type : String, default : '', required : true}
  , subscribers   : [{ type: Schema.Types.ObjectId, ref: 'User' }]
});

User Schema

var UserSchema = new Schema({
    first_name    : {type: String, required: true}
  , last_name     : {type: String, required: true}
});

Thank you!

1
22
1/16/2013 4:28:24 PM

Accepted Answer

You are just one step away!

Project Group Schema:

var ProjectGroupSchema = new Schema({
    title             : String
});

Project Schema:

var ProjectSchema = new Schema({
    title         : {type : String, default : '', required : true},
    group         : {type: Schema.Types.ObjectId, ref: 'ProjectGroup' },
    _users    : [{type: Schema.Types.ObjectId, ref: 'User' }]
});

User Schema:

var UserSchema = new Schema({
    first_name    : {type: String, required: true},
    last_name     : {type: String, required: true},
    subscribing   : [{type: Schema.Types.ObjectId, ref: 'Project' }]
});

Then you can do the following:

user.findById(req.userId)
     .populate('subscribing')
     .exec(function(err, user){
          console.log(user.subscribing);
     })

Or:

project.find({
        subscriber : req.userId
      })
     .populate('subscriber')
     .populate('group')
     .exec(function(err, projects){
          console.log(projects);
     })
53
5/20/2017 1:14:29 AM

There are no joins in Mongodb. This question I think is a good reference:

MongoDB and "joins"

To summarize, different strategies have to be adopted with mongodb for problems that would be addressed via joins in relational DBs. I would say you mainly end-up doing one of these two things:

  • Embedding: You embed information in a single document that would in a relational DB be distributed amongst different tables.
  • Joining information client-side: When you need to use information from several places, you query many times and then put the pieces together in your client.

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