How can I check that two objects have the same set of property names?


Question

I am using node, mocha, and chai for my application. I want to test that my returned results data property is the same "type of object" as one of my model objects. (Very similiar to chai's instanceof). I just want to confirm that the two objects have the same sets of property names. I am specifically not interested in the actual values of the properties.

Lets say I have the model Person like below. I want to check that my results.data has all the same properties as the expected model does. So in this case, Person which has a firstName and lastName.

So if results.data.lastName and results.data.firstName both exist, then it should return true. If either one doesn't exist, it should return false. A bonus would be if results.data has any additional properties like results.data.surname, then it would return false because surname doesn't exist in Person.

the model

function Person(data) {
  var self = this;
  self.firstName = "unknown";
  self.lastName = "unknown";

  if (typeof data != "undefined") {
     self.firstName = data.firstName;
     self.lastName = data.lastName;
  }
}
1
49
12/2/2014 11:35:38 AM

Accepted Answer

You can serialize simple data to check for equality:

data1 = {firstName: 'John', lastName: 'Smith'};
data2 = {firstName: 'Jane', lastName: 'Smith'};
JSON.stringify(data1) === JSON.stringify(data2)

This will give you something like

'{firstName:"John",lastName:"Smith"}' === '{firstName:"Jane",lastName:"Smith"}'

As a function...

function compare(a, b) {
  return JSON.stringify(a) === JSON.stringify(b);
}
compare(data1, data2);

EDIT

If you're using chai like you say, check out http://chaijs.com/api/bdd/#equal-section

EDIT 2

If you just want to check keys...

function compareKeys(a, b) {
  var aKeys = Object.keys(a).sort();
  var bKeys = Object.keys(b).sort();
  return JSON.stringify(aKeys) === JSON.stringify(bKeys);
}

should do it.

84
1/16/2013 11:14:01 PM

2 Here a short ES6 variadic version:

function objectsHaveSameKeys(...objects) {
   const allKeys = objects.reduce((keys, object) => keys.concat(Object.keys(object)), []);
   const union = new Set(allKeys);
   return objects.every(object => union.size === Object.keys(object).length);
}

A little performance test (MacBook Pro - 2,8 GHz Intel Core i7, Node 5.5.0):

var x = {};
var y = {};

for (var i = 0; i < 5000000; ++i) {
    x[i] = i;
    y[i] = i;
}

Results:

objectsHaveSameKeys(x, y) // took  4996 milliseconds
compareKeys(x, y)               // took 14880 milliseconds
hasSameProps(x,y)               // after 10 minutes I stopped execution

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