Get and Set a Single Cookie with Node.js HTTP Server


Question

I want to be able to set a single cookie, and read that single cookie with each request made to the nodejs server instance. Can it be done in a few lines of code, without the need to pull in a third party lib?

var http = require('http');

http.createServer(function (request, response) {
  response.writeHead(200, {'Content-Type': 'text/plain'});
  response.end('Hello World\n');
}).listen(8124);

console.log('Server running at http://127.0.0.1:8124/');

Just trying to take the above code directly from nodejs.org, and work a cookie into it.

1
147
8/3/2010 10:00:13 AM

Accepted Answer

There is no quick function access to getting/setting cookies, so I came up with the following hack:

var http = require('http');

function parseCookies (request) {
    var list = {},
        rc = request.headers.cookie;

    rc && rc.split(';').forEach(function( cookie ) {
        var parts = cookie.split('=');
        list[parts.shift().trim()] = decodeURI(parts.join('='));
    });

    return list;
}


http.createServer(function (request, response) {

  // To Read a Cookie
  var cookies = parseCookies(request);

  // To Write a Cookie
  response.writeHead(200, {
    'Set-Cookie': 'mycookie=test',
    'Content-Type': 'text/plain'
  });
  response.end('Hello World\n');
}).listen(8124);

console.log('Server running at http://127.0.0.1:8124/');

This will store all cookies into the cookies object, and you need to set cookies when you write the head.

180
12/3/2014 9:20:16 PM

If you're using the express library, as many node.js developers do, there is an easier way. Check the Express.js documentation page for more information.

The parsing example above works but express gives you a nice function to take care of that:

app.use(express.cookieParser());

To set a cookie:

res.cookie('cookiename', 'cookievalue', { maxAge: 900000, httpOnly: true });

To clear the cookie:

res.clearCookie('cookiename');

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