Streaming audio from a Node.js server to HTML5


I've been experimenting with binary streams in Node.js, and much to my amazement do actually have a working demo of taking a Shoutcast stream using node-radio-stream and pushing it into a HTML5 element using chunked encoding. But it only works in Safari!

Here is my server code:

var radio = require("radio-stream");
var http = require('http');
var url = "";
var stream = radio.createReadStream(url);

var clients = [];

stream.on("connect", function() {
  console.error("Radio Stream connected!");

// When a chunk of data is received on the stream, push it to all connected clients
stream.on("data", function (chunk) {
    if (clients.length > 0){
        for (client in clients){

// When a 'metadata' event happens, usually a new song is starting.
stream.on("metadata", function(title) {

// Listen on a web port and respond with a chunked response header. 
var server = http.createServer(function(req, res){ 
        "Content-Type": "audio/mpeg",
        'Transfer-Encoding': 'chunked'
    // Add the response to the clients array to receive streaming
    console.log('Client connected; streaming'); 
server.listen("8000", "");

console.log('Server running at'); 

My client code is simply:

<audio controls src="http://localhost:8000/"></audio>

This works fine in Safari 5 on the Mac, but doesn't seem to do anything in Chrome or Firefox. Any ideas?

Possible candidates including encoding issues, or just partially-implemented HTML5 features...

10/17/2010 8:19:05 PM

Accepted Answer

Here's a (slightly outdated) summary of the current status of HTML5 Audio and Icecast streams.

As you can see, a MP3 source only seems to work in Safari (and possibly IE9). You might need to experiment with some server-side transcoding (with ffmpeg or mencoder) to OGG Vorbis. I'm pretty sure I was able to get Chrome to behave properly when I was sending Vorbis data.

Firefox was still being a brat though, maybe it doesn't like the chunked encoding (all SHOUTcast servers respond with a HTTP/1.0 version response, which hadn't defined Transfer-Encoding: chunked yet). Try sending a Transfer-Encoding: identity response header with the OGG stream to disable chunked, and Firefox MIGHT work. I haven't tested this.

Let me know how it goes! Cheers!

6/1/2018 4:39:48 AM

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