Node.js with Express: Importing client-side javascript using script tags in Jade views?


Question

I've got a node.js express server running with the Jade template engine.

I've got a layout jade file which imports the body of individual views like so:

!!!
html

    head
        title= title || 'Title not set.'

    body
        #header
            h1 Header.

        #content!= body //- this renders the body of an individual view

        #footer
            p Footer.

For example, the following index page:

p Welcome to the front page.

p This page serves as a now.js test.

This works fine. However, I now want to include two client-side javascript libraries specifically for this index page (and thus not very every page, which is why I cannot put it in the head of layout).

This works:

//- import jquery
script(type='text/javascript', src='./jquery-1.5.2.min.js');

//- import now.js (hosts itself)
script(type='text/javascript', src='/nowjs/now.js')

//- import the chat client
script(type='text/javascript', src='./indexChatClient.js')

p Welcome to the front page.

p This page serves as a now.js test.

However, this loads the scripts to the body of the complete page, which is not valid HTML, right?

As far as I know, the scripts should be loaded into the head if I want to do it properly, but the head section is handled by the layout file.

So, how would I properly include these client-side javascript libraries specifically for a certain view/page?

1
19
4/9/2011 1:43:46 PM

Accepted Answer

I've done the same using the solution from this thread:

http://groups.google.com/group/express-js/browse_thread/thread/8c2006dc7bab37b1/f9a273c836e0a2ac

You can declare a "scripts" variable into view options:

app.js:

app.set('view options', { locals: { scripts: ['jquery.js'] } });  // You can declare the scripts that you will need to render in EVERY page

Than you can have an helper that renders the script tags into the head of the layout

renderScriptTags() Helper code:

app.helpers({ renderScriptTags: function(scripts) {
  return scripts.map(function(script) {
    return '<script src="scripts/' + script + '"></script>';
  }).join('\n ');

Into the layout template in the head section you will have:

- renderScriptTags(scripts)

Now, to add a script on the head tag, you'll just need to push the script into the "scripts" variable on your jade content template (body template):

- scripts.push('myscript.js'); 

In this way the page will render jquery.js and myscript.js into the head of the page

UPDATE

It seems that newest express version handles the locals in a different way, to make this work properly, you can do this (I'm not sure it is the optimal solution though, I'd need to dig this a little)

You can use the renderScriptTags() helper of the previous method in your layout template like before.

But don't set the scripts variables into locals, instead create a dynamic helper that will make a scripts variable available in our templates:

app.dynamicHelpers({
  scripts: function(req, res){
    return ['jquery.js']; //this will be available in all views
  }
});

And then, to add a specific script, from your body template (exactly as before):

- scripts.push('myscript.js'); 

Now, for this specific view, you should have jquery.js and myscript.js rendered properly

20
4/11/2011 8:35:38 AM

You can have them on the layout and specify which libraries to load on the "controllers".

// layout.jade
!!!
html

    head
        title= title || 'Title not set.'
        -each script in scripts 
          script(type='text/javascript', src= script)
    body
        #header
            h1 Header.

        #content!= body //- this renders the body of an individual view

        #footer
            p Footer.

And your "controller":

// app.js
app.get('/', function (req, res) {
  res.render({
    scripts: ['jquery.min.js', '/nowjs/now.js']
  }
}

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