Looping through JSON with node.js


I have a JSON file which I need to iterate over, as shown below...

    "device_id": "8020",
    "data": [{
        "Timestamp": "04-29-11 05:22:39 pm",
        "Start_Value":  0.02,
        "Abstract": 18.60,
        "Editor": 65.20
    }, {
        "Timestamp": "04-29-11 04:22:39 pm",
        "End_Value":  22.22,
        "Text": 8.65,
        "Common": 1.10,
        "Editable": "true",
        "Insert": 6.0

The keys in data will not always be the same (i've just used examples, there are 20 different keys), and as such, I cannot set up my script to statically reference them to get the values.

Otherwise I could state

var value1 = json.data.Timestamp;
var value2 = json.data.Start_Value;
var value3 = json.data.Abstract;

In the past i've used a simple foreach loop on the data node...

foreach ($json->data as $key => $val) {
    switch($key) {
        case 'Timestamp':
            //do this;
        case: 'Start_Value':
            //do this

But don't want to block the script. Any ideas?

4/29/2011 7:08:09 AM

Accepted Answer

You can iterate through JavaScript objects this way:

for(var attributename in myobject){
    console.log(attributename+": "+myobject[attributename]);

myobject could be your json.data

4/29/2011 7:11:23 AM

You may also want to use hasOwnProperty in the loop.

for (var prop in obj) {
    if (obj.hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
        switch (prop) {
            // obj[prop] has the value

node.js is single-threaded which means your script will block whether you want it or not. Remember that V8 (Google's Javascript engine that node.js uses) compiles Javascript into machine code which means that most basic operations are really fast and looping through an object with 100 keys would probably take a couple of nanoseconds?

However, if you do a lot more inside the loop and you don't want it to block right now, you could do something like this

switch (prop) {
    case 'Timestamp':
        setTimeout(function() { ... }, 5);
    case 'Start_Value':
        setTimeout(function() { ... }, 10);

If your loop is doing some very CPU intensive work, you will need to spawn a child process to do that work or use web workers.

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow