node.js fs.read() example


Question

app=function(req,res)
{
 res.writeHead(200,{'Content-Type':'text/plain'})
 var buffer=new Buffer(100)
 var fs=require('fs')
 fs.open('.'+req.url,'r',function(err,fd){
  fs.fstat(fd,function(err, stats){
   var i=0
   var s=stats.size
   console.log('.'+req.url+' '+s)
   for(i=0;i<s;console.log(i)){
    i=i+buffer.length
    fs.read(fd,buffer,0,buffer.length,i,function(e,l,b){
     res.write(b.toString('utf8',0,l))
     console.log(b.toString('utf8',0,l))
    })
   }
   res.end()
   fs.close(fd)
  })
 })
}
http = require('http')
server = http.createServer(app)
server.listen(8000,"127.0.0.1")
console.log('GET http://127.0.0.1:8000/appwsgi/www/index.htm')

Why does this only show the last 100 bytes multiple times from a 979 bytes file?

Why does chrome browser not show any output?

gert@node:~/http$ node server.js 
GET http://127.0.0.1:8000/appwsgi/www/index.htm
./appwsgi/www/index.htm 979
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
"vi/vi.htm">vi</a> Edit online files on the server.
  </div>
 </body>
</html>

oad.<br/>
   <a href=
"vi/vi.htm">vi</a> Edit online files on the server.
  </div>
 </body>
</html>

oad.<br/>
   <a href=
"vi/vi.htm">vi</a> Edit online files on the server.
  </div>
 </body>
</html>

oad.<br/>
   <a href=
"vi/vi.htm">vi</a> Edit online files on the server.
  </div>
 </body>
</html>

oad.<br/>
   <a href=
"vi/vi.htm">vi</a> Edit online files on the server.
  </div>
 </body>
</html>

oad.<br/>
   <a href=
"vi/vi.htm">vi</a> Edit online files on the server.
  </div>
 </body>
</html>

oad.<br/>
   <a href=
"vi/vi.htm">vi</a> Edit online files on the server.
  </div>
 </body>
</html>

oad.<br/>
   <a href=
"vi/vi.htm">vi</a> Edit online files on the server.
  </div>
 </body>
</html>

oad.<br/>
   <a href=
"vi/vi.htm">vi</a> Edit online files on the server.
  </div>
 </body>
</html>
1
15
5/12/2011 11:36:21 PM

Accepted Answer

All of the reads are issued asynchronously using the same buffer (i.e. fs.read returns immediately and the loop continues). By the time the async callback is called the first time, apparently all ten reads have completed (so the buffer contains the results of the last read). Since you called fs.read 10 times, you'll get called back 10 times. So you get what you see.

The browser shows nothing because you've ended the response before the first callback returns.

8
5/12/2011 11:48:10 PM

I know this question is not the newest, but I'm going to chuck this up here because when I was getting issues how to open (and read) a filesystem object, a quick search always seemed to direct me here.

Anyhow, this should help with the OP, and others in the future.

(filepath is the actual filename, including path)

fs.open(filepath, 'r', function(err, fd) {
    fs.fstat(fd, function(err, stats) {
        var bufferSize=stats.size,
            chunkSize=512,
            buffer=new Buffer(bufferSize),
            bytesRead = 0;

        while (bytesRead < bufferSize) {
            if ((bytesRead + chunkSize) > bufferSize) {
                chunkSize = (bufferSize - bytesRead);
            }
            fs.read(fd, buffer, bytesRead, chunkSize, bytesRead);
            bytesRead += chunkSize;
        }
        console.log(buffer.toString('utf8', 0, bufferSize));
        fs.close(fd);
    });
});

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