Node.js Shell Script And Arguments


Question

I need to execute a bash script in node.js. Basically, the script will create user account on the system. I came across this example which gives me an idea how to go about it. However, the script itself needs arguments like the username, the password and the real name of the user. I still can't figure out how to pass those arguments to the script doing something like this:

var commands = data.toString().split('\n').join(' && ');

Does anyone have an idea how I can pass those arguments and execute the bash script within node.js over an ssh connection. thanks

1
40
5/31/2016 4:51:35 AM

See the documentation here. It is very specific on how to pass command line arguments. Note that you can use exec or spawn. spawn has a specific argument for command line arguments, while with exec you would just pass the arguments as part of the command string to execute.

Directly from the documentation, with explanation comments inline

var util  = require('util'),
    spawn = require('child_process').spawn,
    ls    = spawn('ls', ['-lh', '/usr']); // the second arg is the command 
                                          // options

ls.stdout.on('data', function (data) {    // register one or more handlers
  console.log('stdout: ' + data);
});

ls.stderr.on('data', function (data) {
  console.log('stderr: ' + data);
});

ls.on('exit', function (code) {
  console.log('child process exited with code ' + code);
});

Whereas with exec

var util = require('util'),
    exec = require('child_process').exec,
    child;

child = exec('cat *.js bad_file | wc -l', // command line argument directly in string
  function (error, stdout, stderr) {      // one easy function to capture data/errors
    console.log('stdout: ' + stdout);
    console.log('stderr: ' + stderr);
    if (error !== null) {
      console.log('exec error: ' + error);
    }
});

Finally, note that exec buffers the output. If you want to stream output back to a client, you should use spawn.

67
9/18/2011 8:13:42 PM

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Icon