how to get data passed from a form in Express (Node.js)


Question

I would like to get data that are passed from a page using a form and use that data in the page that is redirected.

I have this form in my client side.

    <form action="game" method="get">
                    <input type="text" name="name"/>
                    <input type="submit" />
    </form>

and i have this script in my server.

app.get('/game',function(req,res){
res.sendfile(__dirname + '/game.html'); 
});

plss help.

1
46
2/16/2012 2:55:32 AM

Accepted Answer

Use bodyParser.urlencoded() middleware:

const bodyParser = require('body-parser');
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: true }));

Then the form values will be on req.body:

app.post('/game', function (req, res) {
    res.render('the_template', { name: req.body.name });
});

Setting { extended: true } allows the bodyParser to accept json like data within the form data including nested objects. e.g. { person: { name: Adam } } sent using javascript rather than the name value pairs which traditional HTML form send. If you don't need that you can set the extended value to false. Not defining an extended option (i.e. using a default setting) is apparently deprecated and they seem to want you to decide whether you need nested options or plain name value pairs.

If you want to be able to parse form data for some routes and json data for others in your express server, you can use:

app.use(bodyParser.json())
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: <true|false> }))

urlencoded() for x-www-form-urlencoded content type

  • true - for nested data structures
  • false - for name value pairs

json() - for application/json content type

Note that form/multipart needs a different body parser (such as multer)

46
8/24/2018 2:49:52 PM

To allow express to handle form data nicely you need to ensure you have bodyParser included like so:

var express = require('express'),
    app = express.createServer();

app.use(express.bodyParser());
//the rest of your configuration

Then in your POST handler you can access the form body through the Request.body property like so:

app.post('/game', function (req, res) {
    res.render('some-file', { name: req.body.name });
});

Also you'll need to use a templating engine (such as Jade) if you're intending to output the form data in the response.

Deprecated, the accepted answer is the correct solution


Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Icon