receiving error: 'Error: SSL Error: SELF_SIGNED_CERT_IN_CHAIN' while using npm


Question

I am using npm v1.0.104/node 0.6.12 on ubuntu - I am receiving the error copied below while attempting to install any new modules via npm (I tested socket.io earlier using http, not https though & am wondering if that could have resulted in the issue with npm/unsigned certs). The error pops up once npm tries to resolve the 'https://registry.npmjs.org' URL. Is there anyway I can ignore the error or perhaps locate/add the cert to a trusted store in order to continue using npm.

Any insight on what needs to be done to resolve the issue will be appreciated (I would prefer to resolve the issue through configuration as opposed to re-installing if possible).

Error: "Error: SSL Error: SELF_SIGNED_CERT_IN_CHAIN"

Full Message:

npm ERR! Error: SSL Error: SELF_SIGNED_CERT_IN_CHAIN
npm ERR!     at ClientRequest.<anonymous> (/usr/lib/node_modules/npm/node_modules/request/main.js:252:28)
npm ERR!     at ClientRequest.emit (events.js:67:17)
npm ERR!     at HTTPParser.onIncoming (http.js:1261:11)
npm ERR!     at HTTPParser.onHeadersComplete (http.js:102:31)
npm ERR!     at CleartextStream.ondata (http.js:1150:24)
npm ERR!     at CleartextStream._push (tls.js:375:27)
npm ERR!     at SecurePair.cycle (tls.js:734:20)
npm ERR!     at EncryptedStream.write (tls.js:130:13)
npm ERR!     at Socket.ondata (stream.js:38:26)
npm ERR!     at Socket.emit (events.js:67:17)
npm ERR! Report this *entire* log at:
npm ERR!     <http://github.com/isaacs/npm/issues>
npm ERR! or email it to:
npm ERR!     <npm-@googlegroups.com>
npm ERR! 
npm ERR! System Linux 2.6.38-13-generic
npm ERR! command "node" "/usr/bin/npm" "install" "jed"
npm ERR! node -v v0.6.12
npm ERR! npm -v 1.0.104
1
261
12/15/2017 11:24:09 AM

Accepted Answer

Running the following helped resolve the issue:

npm config set strict-ssl false

I cannot comment on whether it will cause any other issues at this point in time. Hope it helps.

326
2/28/2014 6:39:59 PM

As of February 27, 2014, npm no longer supports its self-signed certificates. The following options, as recommended by npm, is to do one of the following:

Upgrade your version of npm

npm install npm -g --ca=""

-- OR --

Tell your current version of npm to use known registrars

npm config set ca ""

Update: npm has posted More help with SELF_SIGNED_CERT_IN_CHAIN and npm with more solutions particular to different environments



You may or may not need to prepend sudo to the recommendations.


Other options

It seems that people are having issues using npm's recommendations, so here are some other potential solutions.

Upgrade Node itself
Receiving this error may suggest you have an older version of node, which naturally comes with an older version of npm. One solution is to upgrade your version of Node. This is likely the best option as it brings you up to date and fixes existing bugs and vulnerabilities.

The process here depends on how you've installed Node, your operating system, and otherwise.

Update npm
Being that you probably got here while trying to install a package, it is possible that npm install npm -g might fail with the same error. If this is the case, use update instead. As suggested by Nisanth Sojan:

npm update npm -g

Update npm alternative
One way around the underlying issue is to use known registrars, install, and then stop using known registrars. As suggested by jnylen:

npm config set ca ""
npm install npm -g
npm config delete ca

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