Do something if nothing found with .find() mongoose


Question

I'm storing some data in a mongodb and accessing it with js/nodejs and mongoose. I can use .find() to find something in the database just fine, that isn't an issue. What is a problem is if there isn't something, I'd like to do something else. Currently this is what I'm trying:

UserModel.find({ nick: act.params }, function (err, users) {
  if (err) { console.log(err) };
  users.forEach(function (user) {
    if (user.nick === null) {
      console.log('null');
    } else if (user.nick === undefined) {
      console.log('undefined');
    } else if (user.nick === '') {
      console.log('empty');
    } else {
      console.log(user.nick);
    }
  });
});

None of those fire when I do something where act.params wouldn't be in the nick index. I don't get anything to console at all when this happens, but I do get user.nick to log just fine when it's actually there. I just tried to do it in reverse like this:

UserModel.find({ nick: act.params }, function (err, users) {
  if (err) { console.log('noooope') };
  users.forEach(function (user) {
    if (user.nick !== '') {
      console.log('null');
    } else {
      console.log('nope');
    }
  });
});

but this still didn't log nope. What am I missing here?

If it doesn't find it, it just skips everything in the find call, which is fine, except I need to do things afterwards if it isn't there that I don't want to do if it is. :/

1
32
3/12/2012 1:40:05 AM

Accepted Answer

When there are no matches find() returns [], while findOne() returns null. So either use:

Model.find( {...}, function (err, results) {
    if (err) { ... }
    if (!results.length) {
        // do stuff here
    }
}

or:

Model.findOne( {...}, function (err, result) {
    if (err) { ... }
    if (!result) {
        // do stuff here
    }
}
82
6/29/2014 11:16:09 PM

UserModel.find({ nick: act.params }, function (err, users) {
  if (err) { console.log(err) };
  if (!users.length) { //do stuff here };
  else {
    users.forEach(function (user) {
      console.log(user.nick);
    });
  }
});

is what I found to work.


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