How do you install and run Mocha, the Node.js testing module? Getting "mocha: command not found" after install


Question

I'm having trouble getting Mocha to work as expected, and I'd love to say as documented, but there (appears) to not be much documentation on actually getting the thing running.

I've installed it using npm (both globally and locally), and each time when I run it I get:

$ mocha
mocha: command not found

Ok, so I figured it's not in my PATH, so I tried running it directly,

$ ./node_modules/mocha/bin/mocha 
execvp(): No such file or directory

Finally, I tried hitting the other bin file, and got,

$ ./node_modules/mocha/bin/_mocha 
path.existsSync is deprecated. It is now called `fs.existsSync`.

  .

  ✔ 1 tests complete (1ms)

How can I just execute my tests with a single command? Vows seems to let you, but I've heard Mocha is the better choice, I just can't seem to get it working correctly.

And any thoughts on the error I got above in my third attempt?

Edit:

I'm running,

  • Ubuntu 11.10 64-bit
  • Node.js 0.7.5
  • npm 1.1.8
  • mocha 0.14.1
  • should 0.6.0
1
80
8/18/2017 8:47:48 PM

Accepted Answer

since npm 5.2.0, there's a new command "npx" included with npm that makes this much simpler, if you run:

npx mocha <args>

Note: the optional args are forwarded to the command being executed (mocha in this case)

this will automatically pick the executable "mocha" command from your locally installed mocha (always add it as a dev dependency to ensure the correct one is always used by you and everyone else).

Be careful though that if you didn't install mocha, this command will automatically fetch and use latest version, which is great for some tools (like scaffolders for example), but might not be the most recommendable for certain dependencies where you might want to pin to a specific version.

You can read more on npx here


Now, if instead of invoking mocha directly, you want to define a custom npm script, an alias that might invoke other npm binaries...

you don't want your library tests to fail depending on the machine setup (mocha as global, global mocha version, etc), the way to use the local mocha that works cross-platform is:

node node_modules/.bin/mocha

npm puts aliases to all the binaries in your dependencies on that special folder. Finally, npm will add node_modules/.bin to the PATH automatically when running an npm script, so in your package.json you can do just:

"scripts": {
  "test": "mocha"
}

and invoke it with

npm test
165
6/3/2019 2:12:24 PM

After further reading, and confirmation from Linus G Thiel above, I found I simply had to,

  • Downgrade to Node.js 0.6.12
  • And either,
    • Install Mocha as global
    • Add ./node_modules/.bin to my PATH

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