NodeJs Routing

Introduction

How to set up basic Express web server under the node js and Exploring the Express router.

Remarks

At last, Using Express Router you can use routing facility in you application and it is easy to implement.

Express Web Server Routing

Creating Express Web Server

Express server came handy and it deeps through many user and community. It is getting popular.

Lets create a Express Server. For Package Management and Flexibility for Dependency We will use NPM(Node Package Manager).

  1. Go to the Project directory and create package.json file. package.json { "name": "expressRouter", "version": "0.0.1", "scripts": { "start": "node Server.js" }, "dependencies": { "express": "^4.12.3" } }

  2. Save the file and install the express dependency using following command npm install. This will create node_modules in you project directory along with required dependency.

  3. Let's create Express Web Server. Go to the Project directory and create server.js file. server.js

    var express = require("express"); var app = express();

//Creating Router() object

var router = express.Router();

// Provide all routes here, this is for Home page.

router.get("/",function(req,res){
res.json({"message" : "Hello World"});

});

app.use("/api",router);

// Listen to this Port

app.listen(3000,function(){ console.log("Live at Port 3000"); });

For more detail on setting node server you can see [here][1].
  1. Run the server by typing following command.

    node server.js

    If Server runs successfully, you will se something like this.this.

  2. Now go to the browser or postman and made a request

    http://localhost:3000/api/

    The output will be this.

That is all, the basic of Express routing.

Now let's handle the GET,POST etc.

Change yous server.js file like

var express = require("express");
var app = express();

//Creating Router() object

var router = express.Router();

// Router middleware, mentioned it before defining routes.

router.use(function(req,res,next) {
  console.log("/" + req.method);
  next();
});

// Provide all routes here, this is for Home page.

router.get("/",function(req,res){
  res.json({"message" : "Hello World"});
});


app.use("/api",router);


app.listen(3000,function(){
  console.log("Live at Port 3000");
});

Now if you restart the server and made the request to

http://localhost:3000/api/

You Will see something like this

Accessing Parameter in Routing

You can access the parameter from url also, Like http://example.com/api/:name/. So name parameter can be access. Add the following code into your server.js

router.get("/user/:id",function(req,res){
  res.json({"message" : "Hello "+req.params.id});
});

Now restart server and go to [http://localhost:3000/api/user/Adem][4], the output will be like this.



2017-04-29
2017-04-29
Node.js Pedia
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